List of laboratory automation related standards

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A Labautopedia compendium of standards related to laboratory automation. Click on linked terms for more detail. Refer to the Contributing section for author information.

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  • Analytical Information Markup Language (AnIML): The developing XML standard for analytical chemistry data and is currently in pre-release form. The goal is to serve as the open-source development platform for a new XML standard for Analytical Chemistry Information. The project is a collaborative effort between many groups and individuals and is sanctioned by the ASTM under subcommittee E13.15.
  • ANSI/RIA R15.06-1999: Robotic safety standard covering the complete robot system (installation), addressing a variety of stakeholders including robot manufacturers, safety equipment manufacturers, integrators, installers, and ultimately the users
  • ANSI/RIA/ISO 10218-1-2007: Robotic safety standard which is the adoption of the International Standard ISO 10218-1:2006 as an American National Standard. This standard provides safety guidance for the robot, but only the robot.
  • ANSI INCITS 17: Character Set for Optical Character Recognition (OCR-A)-Replaces ANSI X3.17-1981
  • ANSI INCITS 182: Information Systems - Bar Code Print Quality - Guideline-Replaces ANSI X3.182-1990






  • EIA Standard RS-232-C: Interface Between Data Terminal Equipment and Data Communication Equipment Employing Serial Data Interchange, August 1969. The Electronics Industries Association (EIA) recommended standard RS-232-C[1] is a standard originally devised for serial binary data signals connecting between a DTE (Data Terminal Equipment) and a DCE (Data Circuit-terminating Equipment) in 1969. It has since become commonly used in computer serial ports.  Since 1969, manufacturers adopted simplified versions of this interface for applications that were impossible to envision in the 1960s.  The current revision is the Telecommunications Industry Association TIA-232-F Interface Between Data Terminal Equipment and Data Circuit-Terminating Equipment Employing Serial Binary Data Interchange, issued in 1997.
  • EIA Standard EIA-485: In telecommunications, EIA-485 (formerly RS-485 or RS485) is an electrical specification of a two-wire, half-duplex, multipoint serial communications channel. The architectural difference between RS-232 and RS-485 is that RS-232 is a bi-directional point to point link, whereas RS-485 is a single channel, multi-point bus that can support multiple drivers and multiple receivers, with up to 32 interfaced devices. RS-485 is a "differential" standard. In addition to a common signal, there are two transmit lines (Tx+ and Tx-) and two receive lines (Rx+ and Rx-). The receiving end of the transmission line uses the difference of voltage on the pairs. This greatly reduces noise susceptibility and, in most cases, RS-485 supports longer transmission distances (up to 4,000 feet) and higher speeds (10 Mbps) than RS-232. However, it is not nearly as common as RS-232.



  • GigE Vision™: A new camera interface standard developed using the Gigabit Ethernet communication protocol. GigE Vision™ is the first standard to allow for fast image transfer using low cost standard cables over very long lengths. With GigE Vision™, hardware and software from different vendors can interoperate seamlessly over GigE connections.  The 12 major companies are: Adimec, Atmel, Basler AG, CyberOptics, DALSA, JAI A/S, JAI PULNiX, Matrox, National Instruments, Photonfocus, Pleora Technologies, Stemmer Imaging. The Automated Imaging Association (AIA) oversees the ongoing development and administration of the standard.  GigE VisionTM is based on the Gigabit Ethernet standard which uses standard Ethernet category cabling. The standard is trying to unify protocols currently used in machine vision industrial cameras and let 3rd party organizations develop compatible software and hardware. The GigE VisionTM standard is a closed standard available to AIA members only in spite of comments found on the Internet.







  • LECIS (ASTM E1989-98): LECIS (Laboratory Equipment Control Interface Specification) defines a uniform, device vendor-neutral remote control interface for laboratory instruments. In 1998, LECIS became an ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) standard. The official ASTM standard designation for LECIS is ASTM E1989-98.


  • 'Microplate Standards:'ANSI/Society of Biomolecular Sciences: Since SBS is not a standardizing association, but an association that provides Special Interest Groups the ability and platform to standardize along with ANSI (the American National Standards Institute), in the event that the ANSI/SBS Microplate Standards are to be used in advertisements, product releases, or abstracts, the standards must be referred by:










  • Universal Serial Bus (USB): A serial bus standard to interface devices to a host computer. USB was designed to replace many legacy serial and parallel interfaces and allow many peripherals to be connected using a single standardized interface socket. The design of USB is standardized by the (USB-IF), an industry standards body formed in 1995 to support and accelerate market and consumer adoption of USB-compliant peripherals. Today, USB-IF has over 900 member companies, and the Board of Directors is comprised of representatives from Agere (now merged with LSI Corporation), Apple Inc., Hewlett-Packard, Intel, NEC, and Microsoft.  The USB 1.0 specification model was introduced in November 1995.  The current (as of 2008) USB 2.0 specification[2], with a design data rate of 480 megabits per second, was released in April 2000 and was standardized by the USB-IF at the end of 2001.  A draft specification for USB 3.0 (data rate of 4.8 Gbit/s (600 MB/s)) was released by Intel and its partners in August 2008. According to Intel, bus speeds will be 10 times faster than USB 2.0 due to the inclusion of a fibre-optic link that works with traditional copper connectors. Products using the 3.0 specification are likely to arrive in 2009 or 2010.






Contributing to this article

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  1. Electronics Industries Association, "EIA Standard RS-232-C Interface Between Data Terminal Equipment and Data Communication Equipment Employing Serial Data Interchange", August 1969, reprinted in Telebyte Technology Data Communication Library, Greenlawn NY, 1985, no ISBN
  2. USB 2.0 Specification
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