List of government agencies & organizations
A Labautopedia compendium of government and non-government organizations and agencies with activities related to laboratory automation. Click on linked terms for more detail. Refer to the Contributing section for author information.
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- Argonne National Laboratory (ANL): One of the U.S. Department of Energy's largest research centers. It is also the nation's first national laboratory, chartered in 1946. Recognized for its excellence in connecting basic research to innovative technology, Argonne is a direct descendant of the University of Chicago's Metallurgical Laboratory, part of the World War Two Manhattan Project. It was at the Met Lab where, on Dec. 2, 1942, Enrico Fermi and his band of about 50 colleagues created the world's first controlled nuclear chain reaction in a racquets court at the University of Chicago. Fermi believed that a collaborative approach to science would deepen understanding and result in greater value. Over the years, Argonne has embraced Fermi's beliefs, creating one of the world's broadest scientific institutes, bringing together many areas of science, engineering and technology. Today, the laboratory has about 2,800 employees, including about 1,000 scientists and engineers, of whom about 750 hold doctorate degrees. Argonne's annual operating budget of about $530 million supports upwards of 200 research projects, ranging from studies of the atomic nucleus to global climate change research. Since 1990, Argonne has worked with more than 600 companies and numerous federal agencies and other organizations. Argonne occupies 1,500 wooded acres in DuPage County, Ill. The site is surrounded by forest preserve about 25 miles southwest of Chicago's Loop. The site also houses the U.S. Department of Energy's Chicago Operations Office.
- Center for Micro- & Nano-Technology (CMNT): Key advancements over the last three decades in micro- and nanotechnology have enabled revolutionary growth in microelectronics and sensors at the commercial scale. The Center for Micro- & Nano-Technology (CMNT) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has been a leader in fueling the commercial growth of these technologies while simultaneously customizing these same technologies for unique, noncommercial applications that are mission-specific to LLNL and DOE.
- Department of Energy (DOE): The Department of Energy's overarching mission is to advance the national, economic, and energy security of the United States; to promote scientific and technological innovation in support of that mission; and to ensure the environmental cleanup of the national nuclear weapons complex. The Department's strategic goals to achieve the mission are designed to deliver results along five strategic themes: Energy Security: Promoting America’s energy security through reliable, clean, and affordable energy; Nuclear Security: Ensuring America’s nuclear security; Scientific Discovery and Innovation: Strengthening U.S. scientific discovery, economic competitiveness, and improving quality of life through innovations in science and technology; Environmental Responsibility: Protecting the environment by providing a responsible resolution to the environmental legacy of nuclear weapons production; Management Excellence: Enabling the mission through sound management.
- Directorate-General for Research (European Commission) (DG Research): The Directorate General’s mission is evolving as work on the European Research Area (ERA) continues. It can be summarised as follows: To develop the European Union’s policy in the field of research and technological development and thereby contribute to the international competitiveness of European industry; to coordinate European research activities with those carried out at the level of the Member States; to support the Union’s policies in other fields such as environment, health, energy, regional development etc; to promote a better understanding of the role of science in modern societies and stimulate a public debate about research-related issues at European level. In carrying out the various tasks the Directorate General works closely with other Commission departments such as the Joint Research Centre, the Directorates General for the Information Society, Energy and Transport, the Environment, Enterprise, and others.
- European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI): Produces globally-applicable standards for Information and Communications Technologies (ICT), including fixed, mobile, radio, converged, broadcast and internet technologies. We are officially recognized by the European Commission as a European Standards Organization. The high quality of our work and our open approach to standardization has helped us evolve into a European roots - global branches operation with a solid reputation for technical excellence. ETSI is a not-for-profit organization with almost 700 ETSI member organizations drawn from 60 countries world-wide.
- European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC): (Comité Européen de Normalisation Electrotechnique) is the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization. CENELEC is responsible for European Standardization in the area of electrical engineering. Together with ETSI (telecommunication) and CEN (other technical areas) CENELEC form the European system for technical standardization. Standards harmonised by these agencies are regularly adopted in many countries outside Europe which follow European technical standards. CENELEC was founded in 1973. Before that two organizations were responsible for electrotechnical standardization: CENELCOM and CENEL. CENELEC is a non-profit organization under Belgian law, based in Brussels. The members are the national electrotechnical standardization bodies of most European countries. Although CENELEC works closely with the European Union, it is not an EU institution.
- Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM): Located in Geel, Belgium, IRMM is one of the seven institutes of the Joint Research Centre (JRC), a Directorate-General of the European Commission (EC). The IRMM promotes a common and reliable European measurement system in support of European Union policies. The institute works on the production and dissemination of quality assurance tools, such as validated methods, reference materials, reference measurements, interlaboratory comparisons and training in best practices and experience in all areas where IRMM is working. The IRMM has six core areas of competence:Reference materials; Food analysis; Bioanalysis; Chemical reference measurements; Radionuclide metrology & Neutron physics
- Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS): Located in Seville, Spain, IPTS is one of the seven scientific institutes of the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC). The Institute's work programme, based on "Actions" (or macro-projects), cover the fields of research policy and techno-economic foresight, sustainable development, industrial and clean technologies, energy, transport, agriculture and rural development, life sciences and the information society.
- International Society for Pharmaceutical Engineering (ISPE): The world's largest not-for-profit association dedicated to educating and advancing pharmaceutical manufacturing professionals and their industry. Founded in 1980, today ISPE serves 25,000 members in 90 countries. We are an independent organization led by the world's top pharmaceutical manufacturing professionals. We provide an inviting and neutral environment for experts, technologists, regulators, consultants and students to exchange ideas and practical experience. As a vibrant community, ISPE's Members work together to improve the industry, while helping each other make better choices, more quickly than ever before.
- International Organization for Standardization (ISO): The world's largest developer and publisher of International Standards. ISO is a network of the national standards institutes of 157 countries, one member per country, with a Central Secretariat in Geneva, Switzerland, that coordinates the system. ISO is a non-governmental organization that forms a bridge between the public and private sectors. On the one hand, many of its member institutes are part of the governmental structure of their countries, or are mandated by their government. On the other hand, other members have their roots uniquely in the private sector, having been set up by national partnerships of industry associations. Therefore, ISO enables a consensus to be reached on solutions that meet both the requirements of business and the broader needs of society.
- Joint Research Centre (European Commission) (JRC): The Joint Research Centre is a research based policy support organisation and an integral part of the European Commission. The JRC is providing the scientific advice and technical know-how to support a wide range of EU policies. Our status as a Commission service, which guarantees our independence from private or national interests, is crucial for pursuing our mission. "The mission of the JRC is to provide customer-driven scientific and technical support for the conception, development, implementation and monitoring of EU policies. As a service of the European Commission, the JRC functions as a reference centre of science and technology for the Union. Close to the policy-making process, it serves the common interest of the Member States, while being independent of special interests, whether private or national." Comprised of seven institutes:
- Institute for Energy (IE)
- Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES)
- Institute for Health and Consumer Protection (IHCP)
- Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS)
- Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM)
- Institute for the Protection and the Security of the Citizen (IPSC)
- Institute for Transuranium Elements (ITU)
- Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL): Located on a 200 acre site in the hills above the UC Berkeley campus that offers spectacular views of the San Francisco Bay, Berkeley Lab is a member of the national laboratory system supported by the U.S. Department of Energy through its Office of Science. It is managed by the University of California (UC) and is charged with conducting unclassified research across a wide range of scientific disciplines. Berkeley Lab employs approximately 4,000 scientists, engineers, support staff and students. Its budget for 2008 was approximately $600 million.
- Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL): A premier applied science laboratory that is part of the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) within the Department of Energy (DOE). LLNL was managed from its inception in 1952 through September 2007 by the University of California for the U.S. government. LLNL is currently managed by Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC. With our broadly based capabilities and leadership in mission-focused areas of science and engineering, the Laboratory is able to also make major advances to meet other national needs. LLNL pursues major research programs in energy and environment, bioscience and biotechnology, and basic science and advanced technology.
- Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL): Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) (previously known at various times as Site Y, Los Alamos Laboratory, and Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory) is a United States Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratory, managed and operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC (LANS), located in Los Alamos, New Mexico. The laboratory is one of the largest science and technology institutions in the world that conducts multidisciplinary research for fields such as national security, outer space, renewable energy, medicine, nanotechnology, and supercomputing.
It is the largest institution and the largest employer in northern New Mexico with approximately 12,500 LANS employees plus approximately 3,300 contractor personnel. Additionally, there are roughly 120 DOE employees stationed at the laboratory to provide federal oversight of LANL's work and operations. Approximately one-third of the laboratory's technical staff members are physicists, one-fourth are engineers, one-sixth are chemists and materials scientists, and the remainder work in mathematics and computational science, biology, geoscience, and other disciplines. Professional scientists and students also come to Los Alamos as visitors to participate in scientific projects. The staff collaborates with universities and industry in both basic and applied research to develop resources for the future. The annual budget is approximately US$2.2 billion.
Los Alamos is one of only two laboratories in the United States where classified work towards the design of nuclear weapons is undertaken.
It is hard to add anything new to the substantial literature and history about LANL. From an outside perspective, LANL must appear to be clouded in secrecy whose scientists work far from the public eye. In practice, LANL is very much connected to the scientific community and much of the Lab has a campus-like setting. In the summertime the ranks swell with thousands of students from around the world who come to work on LANL’s many projects. Here students work with world-class experts in their fields gaining valuable career experience and building life-long professional networks. Many of these students ultimately come to work for LANL.
The Lab’s structure is evidence of its academic heritage with many technical divisions organized around scientific disciplines such as chemistry, biology, materials science and physics. One distinction from a university is of one of scale since these divisions are typically many hundreds of people in size. Another distinction is the ease of assembling multi-disciplinary project teams of basic and applied scientists and engineers. These projects are at the leading edge of and range across the breath of scientific endeavor from fundamental physics to healthcare. It is this environment that continues to draw the world’s best minds to live and work in northern New Mexico.
Since its inception LANL clearly demonstrated the role of science in national and global security and maintains that role today. Indeed, a unifying motivation among LANL employees is service to the nation and world. To learn more about LANL, please visit the lab’s website.
ALA contacts: Tony Beugelsdijk LANL articles in LabAutopedia.
- Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA): Set up in April 2003 from a merger of the Medicines Control Agency and the Medical Devices Agency. The MHRA is the United Kingdom government agency which is responsible for ensuring that medicines and medical devices work, and are acceptably safe. The MHRA is an executive agency of the Department of Health.
- Microarray Quality Control (MAQC): The MAQC project is helping improve the microarray and next-generation sequencing technologies and foster their proper applications in discovery, development and review of FDA regulated products. Everyone is invited to participate in the MAQC project.
- National Institutes of Health (NIH): A part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the NIH is the primary Federal agency for conducting and supporting medical research. Helping to lead the way toward important medical discoveries that improve people's health and save lives, NIH scientists investigate ways to prevent disease as well as the causes, treatments, and even cures for common and rare diseases. Composed of 27 Institutes and Centers, the NIH provides leadership and financial support to researchers in every state and throughout the world.
- NIH Institutes
- NCI/NIH Developmental Therapeutics Program
- National Cancer Institute (NCI)
- National Eye Institute (NEI)
- National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
- National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
- National Institute on Aging (NIA)
- National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
- National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
- National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS)
- National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB)
- National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
- National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
- National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)
- National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
- National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
- National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
- National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
- National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
- National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
- National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR)
- National Library of Medicine (NLM)
- NIH Centers
- Center for Information Technology (CIT)
- Center for Scientific Review (CSR)
- John E. Fogarty International Center (FIC)
- National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)
- National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NCMHD)
- National Center for Research Resources (NCRR)
- NIH Clinical Center (CC)
- NIH Institutes
- National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST): Develops technologies, measurement methods and standards that help U.S. companies compete in the global marketplace. Congress created NIST in 1901 at the start of the industrial revolution to provide the measurement and standards needed to resolve and prevent disputes over trade and to encourage standardization. Today NIST continues to develop measurements and standards needed by industry, and also develops technologies that help our nation remain prosperous.
- NIST Advanced Technology Program: The Advanced Technology Program (ATP) bridges the gap between the research lab and the market place, stimulating prosperity through innovation. Through partnerships with the private sector, ATP's early stage investment is accelerating the development of innovative technologies that promise significant commercial payoffs and widespread benefits for the nation. As part of the highly regarded National Institute of Standards and Technology, the ATP is changing the way industry approaches R&D, providing a mechanism for industry to extend its technological reach and push out the envelope of what can be attempted.
- NIST Standard Reference Materials : NIST supports accurate and compatible measurements by certifying and providing over 1300 Standard Reference Materials with well-characterized composition or properties, or both. These materials are used to perform instrument calibrations in units as part of overall quality assurance programs, to verify the accuracy of specific measurements and to support the development of new measurement methods.
- National Science Foundation (NSF): An independent federal agency created by Congress in 1950 "to promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare; to secure the national defense…" With an annual budget of about $6.06 billion, we are the funding source for approximately 20 percent of all federally supported basic research conducted by America's colleges and universities. In many fields such as mathematics, computer science and the social sciences, NSF is the major source of federal backing.
- National Technology Transfer Center (NTTC):Congress established the Robert C. Byrd National Technology Transfer Center in 1989 to link U.S. industry with federal labs and universities that have the technologies facilities and researchers that industry needs to maximize product development opportunities. With operations in Wheeling, W.Va., and Alexandria, Va., the National Technology Transfer Center provides technology assessment services and develops lasting partnerships among industry, academia and government agencies.
- Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO): A not-for-profit organization in The Netherlands that focuses on applied science. The main office of TNO is located in Delft. Other locations of TNO are: The Hague, Rijswijk, Leiden, Groningen, Apeldoorn, Hoofddorp, Soesterberg, Utrecht, Den Helder, Zeist, Enschede and Eindhoven. TNO is a knowledge organization for companies, government bodies and public organizations. The daily work of approximately 5,400 employees is to develop and apply knowledge. The organization also provides contract research and specialist consultancy as well as grants licences for patents and specialist software. TNO tests and certifies products and services, and issues an independent evaluation of quality. Moreover, TNO sets up new companies to market innovations. TNO was established by law in 1932 to support companies and governments with innovative, practicable knowledge. As a statutory organization TNO has an independent position that allows to give objective, scientifically founded judgements. Its core areas of activity are: Quality of life; Defence, Security and Safety; Science and Industry; Built Environment and Geosciences; and Information and Communication Technology.
- Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL): A multiprogram science and technology laboratory managed for the U.S. Department of Energy by UT-Battelle, LLC. Scientists and engineers at ORNL conduct basic and applied research and development to create scientific knowledge and technological solutions that strengthen the nation's leadership in key areas of science; increase the availability of clean, abundant energy; restore and protect the environment; and contribute to national security. Originally known as Clinton Laboratories, ORNL was established in 1943 to carry out a single, well-defined mission: the pilot-scale production and separation of plutonium for the World War II Manhattan Project. From this foundation, the Laboratory has evolved into a unique resource for addressing important national and global energy and environmental issues. Today, ORNL pioneers the development of new energy sources, technologies, and materials and the advancement of knowledge in the biological, chemical, computational, engineering, environmental, physical, and social sciences. ORNL Facts and Figures
Staff: 3800 total, 1500 scientists and engineers; Budget: $1.06 billion, 75% Department of Energy, 25% work for others ; Replacement cost of buildings: $7 billion ; Total land area: 58 square miles ; Guest researchers: 3000 each year, about one-fourth from industry; Visitors: About 30,000 each year, plus 10,000 precollege students
- Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Science and Technology (PNNL): Located in Richland, on the sunny eastern side of Washington state. PNNL is one of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) ten national laboratories, managed by DOE's Office of Science. PNNL also performs research for other DOE offices as well as government agencies, universities, and industry to deliver breakthrough science and technology to meet today's key national needs. The Laboratory provides the facilities, unique scientific equipment, and world-renowned scientists/engineers to strengthen U.S. scientific foundations for fundamental research and innovation
prevents and counters acts of terrorism through applied research in information analysis, cyber security, and the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction increases U.S. energy capacity and reduces dependence on imported oil through research of hydrogen and biomass-based fuels reduces the effects of energy generation and use on the environment. PNNL currently has approximately 4,000 staff members and a business volume of $760 million. The William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, a DOE Office of Science national scientific user facility, is located on PNNL's Richland campus. PNNL operates a marine research facility in Sequim, and has satellite offices in Seattle and Tacoma, Washington; Portland, Oregon; and Washington, D.C.
- Sandia National Laboratories: Committed to science with the mission in mind, Sandia creates innovative, science-based, systems-engineering solutions to our Nation's most challenging national security problems. Sandia's guiding principals for ST&E ensure that the fundamental science and engineering core is vibrant and pushing the forefront of knowledge. Enabling our programs by effective application of that science base allows us to respond to current needs as well as anticipate the future. Our Science, Technology and Engineering strategy is to create, integrate and apply capabilities to address national security challenges through investments in six research foundations: Bioscience, Computers and Information Science, Engineering Sciences, Materials Science and Technology, Microelectronics & Microsystems & Pulsed Power.
- Swiss Federal Institute of Technology: The École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) is the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne, Switzerland. The EPFL is ranked the world's 18th university in the field of "Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences" in the 2008 academic ranking of world universities by Shanghai Jiao Tong University . The EPFL is in the heart of Europe and is one of Europe's leading institutions of science and technology. In the communication field, EPFL is considered among the top three universities in the world. The school was founded by the Swiss Federal Government with the stated mission to: Educate engineers and scientists; Be a national center of excellence in science and technology; Provide a hub for interaction between the scientific community and industry. The sister institution in the German-speaking part of Switzerland is the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (ETH Zürich or ETHZ). Associated with several specialised research institutes, the two sister institutes form the ETH Domain, which is directly dependent on the Federal Department of Home Affairs.
- United States Patent and Trademark Office: To foster innovation and competitiveness by: Providing high quality and timely examination of patent and trademark applications, guiding domestic and international intellectual property policy, and delivering intellectual property information and education worldwide.
- U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL): The United States Army’s corporate basic and applied research laboratory. Our mission is to provide innovative science, technology, and analysis to enable full-spectrum operations. ARL consists of the Army Research Office (ARO) and six Directorates-- Weapons and Materials, Sensors and Electron Devices, Human Research and Engineering, Computational and Information Sciences, Vehicle Technology, and Survivability and Lethality Analysis. The Army relies on this ARL Team for scientific discoveries, technologic advances, and analyses to provide warfighters with capabilities to succeed on the battlefield.
- U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA): An agency within the United States Department of Health and Human Services and consists of nine centers/offices, which are listed below. Selecting a center/office will take you to its home page. You may also view the agency's organizational charts. You may also read an overview about FDA and what the agency does to protect public health.
- Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)
- Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH)
- Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER)
- Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)
- Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM)
- National Center for Toxicological Research (NCTR)
- Office of Chief Counsel
- Office of the Commissioner (OC)
- Office of Regulatory Affairs (ORA)
- Joint Institute for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition
- National Center for Food Safety and Technology
- Microarray Quality Control (MAQC)
- U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL): Operates as the United States Navy's full-spectrum corporate laboratory, conducting a broadly based multidisciplinary program of scientific research and advanced technological development directed toward maritime applications of new and improved materials, techniques, equipment, systems and ocean, atmospheric, and space sciences and related technologies. Includes the Institute for Nanoscience which conducts multidisciplinary research at the intersections of the fields of materials, electronics and biology.
- U.S. Pharmacopeia (USP): The United States Pharmacopeia is an official public standards–setting authority for all prescription and over–the–counter medicines and other health care products manufactured or sold in the United States. USP also sets widely recognized standards for food ingredients and dietary supplements. USP sets standards for the quality, purity, strength, and consistency of these products–critical to the public health. USP's standards are recognized and used in more than 130 countries around the globe. These standards have helped to ensure public health throughout the world for close to 200 years. USP is a non-governmental, not-for-profit public health organization whose independent, volunteer experts work under strict conflict–of–interest rules to set its scientific standards. USP's contributions to public health are enriched by the participation and oversight of volunteers representing pharmacy, medicine, and other health care professions as well as academia, government, the pharmaceutical and food industries, health plans, and consumer organizations.
- Science.Gov: Science.gov is a gateway to government science information and research results. Currently in its fifth generation, Science.gov provides a search of over 36 scientific databases and 200 million pages of science information with just one query, and is a gateway to 1,850+ scientific Websites (see Science.gov fact sheet).
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